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TheEstatesofJura28SCOTTISHISLANDSEXPLORERSEPTEMBEROCTOBER2014Islandsinspirestrongfeelingsandmostreadersofthismagazinewillhavetheirownfavourites.HowevertravellersamongtheScottishislandshavenotalwaysbeendelightedbywhattheysaw.WhenSirJamesTurnervisitedJurain1647hedescribeditasahorrideileandahabitationfitfordeereandwildbeasts.However50yearslaterMartinMartindisagreed.InhisADescriptionoftheWesternIslesofScotlandca.1695hefoundJuratobethewholesomestplotofgroundeitherintheislesorcontinentofScotland.SowhowasrightIsJurahorrideOrisitwholesomeWhoeveryoubelieveJurahascertainlychangedsincethosetwointrepidtravellerslandedthere.SomeofthechangeshavebeencommontomanypartsoftheHighlandsIslands.DepopulationistheobviousexampleandonJurathenumberofinhabitantsgrewtoapeakof1158in1841andthendeclinedtoanall-timelowof188in2001followedbyaslightrecoveryto196in2011.ThePassingoftheCampbellsButonechangehasbeenparticulartoJuraandthatwasthepassingoftheCampbells.Jurawasdominatedbytheclanforalmost300yearsuntilthe1930sbywhichtimetheislandhadbeengraduallysoldoffpiecemeal.InJuraIslandofDeerPeterYoungsonrelatesthatbackinthe19thCenturytheendoftheCampbellerawasprophesiedbyawomanangrilyresistingevictionfromhercottage.ThedaywillcomesaidthewomanwhentherewillnotbeaproudCampbellleftinJura.ThelastoftheCampbellswillbeone-eyed.Hewillleavetheislandandallhispossessionswillbecarriedtotheshipinacartdrawnbyawhitehorse.In1938itwasCharlesCampbellwhosoldtheclanslastremainingestateArdfintogetherwithJuraHouseandallitshistoricfurnishings.Whenhelefthisremainingbelongingswereloadedontoacartdrawnbyagreyhorsewhosecoatwasturningwhite.AndasithappenedmanyyearsearlierCharleshadunfortunatelylostthesightofoneofhiseyesinanaccidentSevenSeparateEstatesSo75yearsagothelonglairdshipoftheCampbellsofJuracamequietlytoanend.Todaytheislandconsistsofsevenseparateestates.Theyareactivelymanagedmainlyassportingbusinessesprovidingdeerstalkingandfishingtogetherinsomecaseswithforestryandlivestockfarming.Someprovidevisitoraccommodationandmostaredevelopingrenewableenergysources.Theyareavitalelementintheislandseconomy.In2005accordingtoaneconomicsurveytheyhadacollectiveannualturnoverofaround500000secondonlytothedistillery.Buttheestatesarethebiggestsourceofemployment.In2005therewere24full-andpart-timestaffworkingforthem-some30oftheemployedpopulationoftheisland.SowhoownsJuratodayAndhowmuchhasitchangedProceedingfromnorthtosouthwebeginwithBarnhillandArdlussaformerlyasingleestatewhichwasdividedin1990whenitwasinheritedbythetwoFletcherbrothersCharlesandJamie.PreserveoftheDeerJamieFletcherownsBarnhillalthoughhispermanenthomeisonthemainland.EvenbyJurasstandardsthisisaremoteplacewithnopublicroadandonlyafewtracks.Thepopulationnumberstwootherwisetheestateisthepreserveofthedeerandtheeaglesbothgoldenandwhite-tailed.UnlikemostScottishestatesitdoesnothaveabighousebutitdoesboastthemostfamousbuildingontheisland.TheisolatedfarmhouseofBarnhillisknownworldwideastheplacewherein1948GeorgeOrwellwrotehislastnovel1984.NowadaysitisnotpermanentlyinhabitedbutitisavailableasaholidayletbestsuitedtothoseofasolitaryandspartandispositionasitsamenitieshavechangedlittlesinceOrwellsday.SouthofBarnhillliesArdlussaatthenorthendoftheA846Juraslongandwindingsingle-trackroad.CharlesFletcherdiedin2007andtheestatepassedtohissonAndrewwholivesatthehousewithhiswifeClaireandtheiryoungfamily.Thisistheonlyestatewithownersaspermanentresidents.ArdlussaHouseisperhapsthemosthandsomeresidenceonJurastandinginamagnificentpositionfacingdownagentlegreenswardtoArdlussaBay.Forover60yearsthishasbeenthevenuefortheislandsannualsportsawell-lovedsummereventinthelocalcalendar.DavidHoultsurveysthemTheEstatesofJura